What are the three main parts of a hero's journey?

Campbell identifies three primary stages, each comprised of a variety of substages: the stage of departure (or separation), the stage of initiation, and the stage of return. While getting ready to set out on his journey, the protagonist presents himself to the audience and discusses his plans for the future.

Hero's journey 12 steps

Although Campbell initially identified seventeen stages in creating each myth or story, the hero's journey is arguably the model with the greatest number of global variations. It acts as a "template," which any storyteller is free to modify, condense, or stylize. The hero's journey is typically divided into twelve stages.

All 17 of Campbell's original steps aren't applied in every story. Fewer steps are taken in some stories. Some only focus on one step, and some use a different order.

Step 1 – 5: Chapter 1 (The Prologue)

Step 0: the same thing (home). You learn more about the main character to who you can relate. This main character is in a welcoming setting. Right now!

Steps 2 to 4 can be mixed up: The main character experiences a need, wish, or sense of "not being whole." Or perhaps there is simply an issue that needs to be resolved. There is a call to adventure as a result. As a result, the main character may run into a mentor, or the mentor may be introduced first, and it is only after meeting the "mentor" that the main character realizes he or she wants something. A common form of mentor resistance is turning down their call.

Step 5: They leave to end up in an unknown situation. Make the contrast between the two worlds as remarkable as possible.

Step 6 – 10: Chapter 2 (The Test)

Step 6: They search, a difficult ordeal filled with obstacles and temptations. They are currently adjusting to the new circumstance. This is referred to as the "training phase" in movies. Consider the scene in the film "The Matrix" where Morpheus teaches Neo martial arts and all the other ‘superpowers' of the new world she has entered. This helps the main character adjust to this new environment. His or her psychological burdens and neuroses are gradually removed. Another illustration is the gradual transformation of Scrooge as he is led through the past and the future. Thus, internal changes are the primary focus of this phase.

Step 7:  Even though it wasn't exactly what they anticipated, they find what they're looking for. It's now at its lowest point. The biggest obstacle must be overcome. The motivations of the main character change in this, the story's first significant turn. A plot twist would work best here.

Step 8: Change Is Required. However, they are forced to pay dearly for it.

Step 9: They receive what they desire.

Step 10: There is a transformation.

Step 11 – 12: Chapter 3 (The Shift)

Step 11: They return to their familiar situation…

Step 12: ... They come back altered. They have changed. That is the journey's greatest gift to them.

Hero's journey elements

  • Departure. The hero leaves the familiar world behind.
  • Initiation. The hero learns to navigate the unknown world.
  • The return. The hero returns to the familiar world.

Here are resources I recommend to get more in-depth knowledge

Storytelling 101 teaches you how to write compelling stories worthy of commercial success. This is best for screenwriters, novelists, filmmakers, videogame writers and storytellers.

Children’s Books 101 teaches you how to write stories that children will love. This is best for aspiring children’s book authors and storytellers.

Owl AI is the revolutionary AI-powered content production platform that helps storytellers, writers, and bloggers of all subject matter easily create highly-polished content.

Success, Money & Mindset Subliminal is a self-hypnosis recording that we recommend to new writers to help with focus, concentration, creativity, and motivation.

Shadow Work Journal: 240 Daily Prompts contains inner work exercises related to relationships, anger, anxiety, self-love, healing trauma, abandonment issues, depression, forgiveness, etc.


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