What Are The 7 Story Structures?

The structure is put together in the following way: START, PLOT TURN 1, PINCH 1, MIDPOINT, PINCH 2, PLOT TURN 2, RESOLUTION.

But when we're putting together our story, it's better to follow the steps in a different order, starting from the end. RESOLUTION, START, MIDPOINT, PLOT TURN 1, PLOT TURN 2, PINCH 1, PINCH 2

Start at the end - RESOLUTION.

Syd Field said in his excellent book The Screenwriter's Manual. To write a story, one must know how it will end. It does not need to be perfect, but we must know where we are going. This is the ultimate state we are aiming for. The solution is straightforward: live, die, win, or lose. In a Lovecraft story, our character would go insane.


  • Harry Potter defeats Voldemort.
  • Luke destroys the death star.

Follow the start - HOME.

The result is already known. As a suggestion, we can begin the story in the opposite state. Allow the protagonist to begin sane if he becomes insane. Allow him to start weak if he finishes strong. Changes in the states of the characters or other elements are required in a story.


  • Harry Potter lives a boring life and is treated poorly.
  • Luke lives on a remote planet with no future.


We know where to start and end, and the midpoint is the exact center between those two states. It is the point at which the protagonist transitions from a reactive to an active mode. Then, he decides to launch an attack.

  • Harry learns of the stone's power and decides to protect it from Voldemort.
  • Luke decides to rescue the princess.


It occurs approximately 25% of the way through the story. Something changes that set things in motion—new characters or concepts. The call to something new prompts the protagonist to accept and agree to embark on the adventure.

  • Harry discovers that he is a wizard and enters the wizarding world.
  • Frodo goes on an adventure with Gandalf
  • Neo has a choice of the red pill or the blue pill


It happens about 75% of the story. Move the story from the middle point to the end. You get the last piece of the puzzle needed to complete the plan. The mentor tells the protagonist that he has power. Victory is achieved when all seems lost. No new information comes in, and you already have everything you need.

  • Use the force, Luke! The power is in you.
  • No, you are the chosen one.


Occurs between the first plot point and the midpoint. It puts pressure on our protagonist and adds danger to the story. Finally, something terrible happens, and the protagonist is forced to solve it—the enemy attacks. The villain is introduced. Peace is destroyed.

  • Harry Potter and his friends have to fight the Troll.


We apply more pressure until the situation seems impossible. Then, something awful happens, much more than in PINCH 1. The mentor dies, the protagonist is left alone, the allies betray him, and the plan fails. The enemies seem to triumph. Everything is lost.

  • Ron and Hermione fall into the traps, and Harry has to continue alone.
  • Obi-Wan dies at the hands of Darth Vader.

Here are resources I recommend to get more in-depth knowledge

Storytelling 101 teaches you how to write compelling stories worthy of commercial success. This is best for screenwriters, novelists, filmmakers, videogame writers and storytellers.

Children’s Books 101 teaches you how to write stories that children will love. This is best for aspiring children’s book authors and storytellers.

Owl AI is the revolutionary AI-powered content production platform that helps storytellers, writers, and bloggers of all subject matter easily create highly-polished content.

Success, Money & Mindset Subliminal is a self-hypnosis recording that we recommend to new writers to help with focus, concentration, creativity, and motivation.

Shadow Work Journal: 240 Daily Prompts contains inner work exercises related to relationships, anger, anxiety, self-love, healing trauma, abandonment issues, depression, forgiveness, etc.


Next Read:

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *