What Are The 5 Parts Of A Story Structure?

When we are in the first grade, one of the first things we are instructed on is how to write a good story. It makes perfect sense considering that our lives are a compilation of stories. Every one of us possesses a singular history. Every day is a new chapter in a story, complete with its cast of characters, setting, and chronology (beginning, middle, and end). So, instead of not telling a good story, why not tell a story with a great structure?

The idea is that a good story should have a beginning and middle, and many people hold the end correct. Those who share this view are highly accomplished individuals in academia, film direction, and writing. Any given story would seem jumbled if these three fundamental divisions weren't included. The reader is forced to give up any hope of engaging with the author's thoughts.

1. The opening statement ( introduction)

At the beginning of a story, the author should answer the five most important questions, which are "who," "what," "why," "when," and "where." They introduce the reader to the story's cast, setting, and period. They provide an overarching sense to the reader of what to anticipate from the narrative.

The author establishes a connection with the main character during this first section, also referred to as the exposition. It is possible to reveal the character's goal while still maintaining the "hook" of the story. That means giving the reader a reason and an impetus to keep going with the story by giving them something to look forward to in the narrative.

2. Doorway No. 1

A subtle shift, or what some call a "doorway," is essential to all strong narrative structures. It is the part of the chapter in which the author places the character in a difficult circumstance and compels him or her to take a course of action that cannot be undone. This is the point in the narrative where things start to heat up and become more exciting. The main character may find themselves in a challenging situation, which is where they'll figure out the story's ultimate objective. This is the most effective moment to draw the reader further into the story.

3. Middle

The first section (also known as the introduction) is a section that serves the purpose of setting everything up. The second part of the story is where the main plot begins to develop and where it starts to get complicated. We refer to this area as "the middle." Characters reveal increasingly complex layers as the story progresses. It becomes clear that there were previously hidden intentions and relationships. Of course, it goes without saying that as conflict develops, so does the story's level of tension.

It is an effective strategy for keeping the reader on the edge of their seat. The author can also incorporate subplots into the main plot to add depth to the story. The point in the narrative that marks the beginning of the buildup to the climax occurs somewhere in the middle. This portion of a story, which may also be referred to as the development, is the part that provides the reader with the impression that there will inevitably be an ending.

4. Doorway

The doorway swings open as the intensity of the conflict develops throughout the narrative. It is a tool the author can use to place the main character in the pivotal conflict of the story. Let's call it the climax of the story for the sake of convenience. At this decisive point in the story, a major setback or crisis typically occurs, paving the way for a potential resolution later.

5. Finish

The story's climax occurs at its conclusion, also known as the denouement. If up until this point, nothing has made any sense, this is the point where everything will begin to click into place and become clear. This is the part of the chapter where the author discusses the climactic confrontation and the inescapable consequences.

Here are resources I recommend to get more in-depth knowledge

Storytelling 101 teaches you how to write compelling stories worthy of commercial success. This is best for screenwriters, novelists, filmmakers, videogame writers and storytellers.

Children’s Books 101 teaches you how to write stories that children will love. This is best for aspiring children’s book authors and storytellers.

Owl AI is the revolutionary AI-powered content production platform that helps storytellers, writers, and bloggers of all subject matter easily create highly-polished content.

Success, Money & Mindset Subliminal is a self-hypnosis recording that we recommend to new writers to help with focus, concentration, creativity, and motivation.

Shadow Work Journal: 240 Daily Prompts contains inner work exercises related to relationships, anger, anxiety, self-love, healing trauma, abandonment issues, depression, forgiveness, etc.

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