What Are The Elements for Creating a Scene

Let's briefly go over the elements that will help you when creating a scene.

No matter what kind of scene you're writing, some basic elements are fundamental to good narrative development.

These elements of your scene can be figured out with a few questions. They are What, Who, When, Where, How, and Why.

List of Elements For Creating a Scene

What is happening in the scene?

Firstly, define what will happen in the scene. Create a roadmap of what you want to happen in your scene.

Example: In this scene, two people meet at the bus stop in front of the cafeteria.

Who are the characters in the scene?

You've already defined what will happen in the scene. Now it's time to decide who will appear in the scene.

First, it's important to know the characters. Who are they? What kind of relationship do they have with each other? What is the dynamic between these characters?

Here you also think about the point of view. Is your story told in the first or third person?

Each character has a distinct personality, which will influence the reader's perspective of each situation if you are narrating in the first person.

When does this scene take place?

You don't need to add the exact day and time of each scene to the narrative, but you must have a sense of when these events are happening so you don't risk making continuity errors or mistakes.

These continuity details are essential, especially in the case of flashbacks or any other time change in the story.

Where is this scene?

We need to know “where” things happen since the locations of each scene can make or break a reader's immersion to the story.

Creating a list of places is a great way to avoid repeating the same location with different descriptions and causing confusion to your reader.

Another tip is to explore the five senses (sight, hearing, taste, smell, and touch) to make the reading experience more tangible.

Example: The scene is in a coffee shop before a bus stop. What does your character see? What does the location smell like? What does he listen to? How does the food taste? The texture of the environment?


How will the scene unfold?

You have already defined who will take part, how, when, and where the scene will take place. Now is the time to write how all this will unfold.

Why does this scene need to happen?

Last but not least, every scene in a story needs to have a purpose. Consider what role you want this scene to play.

Will it be important for the advancement of the story? Will it bring any conflict? Does it help progress relationships? Will it present crucial information or details of a character's personality?

This step will help you see if your book has consistency or if you need any scenes cut or added.

Here are resources I recommend to get more in-depth knowledge

Storytelling 101 teaches you how to write compelling stories worthy of commercial success. This is best for screenwriters, novelists, filmmakers, videogame writers and storytellers.

Children’s Books 101 teaches you how to write stories that children will love. This is best for aspiring children’s book authors and storytellers.

Owl AI is the revolutionary AI-powered content production platform that helps storytellers, writers, and bloggers of all subject matter easily create highly-polished content.

Success, Money & Mindset Subliminal is a self-hypnosis recording that we recommend to new writers to help with focus, concentration, creativity, and motivation.

Shadow Work Journal: 240 Daily Prompts contains inner work exercises related to relationships, anger, anxiety, self-love, healing trauma, abandonment issues, depression, forgiveness, etc.


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